Grade 6

The twelve year old, on the cusp of adolescence, experiences subtle changes in the body. Bone density increases significantly giving a new feeling of weight and gravity. The twelve year old now stands firmly on the earth. With an increasing awareness of their own physicality, sixth graders are poised to study the physical body of the earth.

Grade 6 is the first year of Brooklyn Waldorf Middle School.  Middle School students will experience new subject teachers, access to afterschool clubs, enrichment activities, organized Phoenix sports teams and phased high school admission preparations. Middle School options will continue to change over time to reflect and respond to student’s growing intellect, responsibility and maturity.

Each day begins with the in-depth main lesson.  Read how main lesson promotes learning.


During the study of Ancient Greece in fifth grade, the students made a gradual transition from myth to history. Now in sixth grade, the students are interested primarily in fact. They can now consider history as a temporal sequence of cause and effect relationships.

The students study the rise and fall of the Roman Empire and its effect on European civilization through the Middle Ages. The power to transform and dominate the physical world in the building of cities and armies during Ancient Rome epitomizes historically the feeling of every sixth grader that “I can do anything!”

Language Arts

Grammar lessons include a review of previous work and an introduction to compound and complex sentences, the subjunctive and conditional, and transitive and intransitive verbs. Spelling rules, dictionary use, and vocabulary words support writing in the all subjects. The students learn the Latin roots of words in connection to the study of Ancient Rome. Writing focuses on expository compositions.


Through geology, the students study the types of rock and the forces that shape the landscape. Through geography, the students become familiar with the earth’s features, such as the distribution of oceans, seas and continents. They learn about the biodiversity within the eight biomes. After exploring the geography of their home continent in fifth grade, the sixth graders now focus on the geography of Europe, which relates to the study of history this year.

In sixth grade the students are introduced to laboratory science and physics. Now they are eager to test their ideas and are able to form clear and accurate judgments. Subjects taught include acoustics, optics, heat, magnetism, and static electricity. The goal is to train the students to make careful observations of the physical phenomena in order to arrive at valid conclusions.


Sixth grade mathematics reviews and builds upon lessons in the previous year and moves on to the study of ratio, percent, and balancing equations. These skills are applied to business math, including discounts, interest, taxes, and profit and loss. The students usually run a class “business” to learn about these principles directly. The history of money and role of banks relates to the broader study of history this year.

Form Drawing in the previous grades trained the eye and hand, paving the way for geometry now in sixth grade. The students learn the discipline of precision in using the compass, protractor and ruler to bisect angles, construct parallel and perpendicular lines, and divide the circle. The students are introduced to the number pi and geometric proofs.

Specialty Subjects

Following main lesson, students engage in 40 minute specialty subject classes, interspersed by short breaks and lunch.

Read about the specialty subjects…..

Grades may begin this year in preparation for the transcript grades that are given in Grades 7 and 8.  The high school placement program may be introduced to help families feel comfortable with all that unfolds in Grade 7 and 8. Learn more and see where BWS graduates are accepted to high school.